Total Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip replacement surgery is a surgical procedure in which a surgeon removes the damaged or the diseased parts of the hip joint. The structure of the Hip joint is just like a ball and a socket joint. The femur is the top of the thighbone which is attached to a ball component. The ball in the socket allows us to move our leg in all possible directions. A socket is a part of the pelvis. Smooth cartilage which covers the end of the thighbone and pelvis allows smooth movement as it rotates easily in case of a normal hip.

What is Hip Replacement Surgery?

Hip replacement surgery is a surgical procedure in which a surgeon removes the damaged or the diseased parts of the hip joint. The structure of the Hip joint is just like a ball and a socket joint. The femur is the top of the thighbone which is attached to a ball component. The ball in the socket allows us to move our leg in all possible directions. A socket is a part of the pelvis. Smooth cartilage which covers the end of the thighbone and pelvis allows smooth movement as it rotates easily in case of a normal hip. While in case of an abnormal hip there is no such thing as a smooth movement as the worn cartilages resist the movement. The damaged Bone becomes uneven and rough as they rub together. and this eventually results in pain. Hip replacement can be performed as a Hemi replacement or as a total replacement ( arthroplasty ). In total hip replacement changing of worn-out socket takes place. The worn-out socket is replaced with a polythene cup or a plastic cup or a ceramic one, with or without a femoral head and a metal shell.

How does Hip Replacement Surgery take place?

In hip replacement surgery there are various ways to attach the implant to the bone. The implant is anchored to the bone with the cement in case of a cemented hip replacement whereas in a non-cemented Hip replacement surgery bone grows on and into the implant surface because of which fixation occurs.
Bearing surfaces include

  • Metal on polythene (plastic)
  • Ceramic on poly
  • Ceramic on ceramic

Out of which metal with highly cross-linked and ceramic on highly cross-linked polyethylene is the most commonly used bearing surface.

Who all needs total Hip Replacement?

Patients who have osteoarthritis are usually advised to go for hip replacement surgery. There are some other conditions in which hip replacement is required such as

  • Hip Fractures
  • Arthritis
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Dysplastic hip
    • Osteoarthritis
    • Ankylosing
  • Avascular Necrosis of Hip

When are patients advised to undergo a Hip replacement Surgery?

Patients will be advised to go for the treatment of total hip replacement surgery if:-

  • It gets impossible for them to perform regular activities such as going for a walk.
  • Instability of the hip
  • Development of deformities which makes it hard to even get up and move freely
  • It gets impossible for them to work or even have any kind of social work.
  • Their sleep also gets disturbed as the pain in the joint is so severe.

Those who are experiencing any symptoms from the above-mentioned symptom are usually advised to go for hip replacement surgery.

What are the Risks of Hip Replacement Surgery?

Though the surgery is safe they are still chances of infection. Other risks include blood clots in the leg or pelvis. At times accidental dislocation of the hip may happen during or after the recovery. Therefore it is advised to get the surgery done from a well-known hospital which is backed up by a good number of surgeons who excel in their fields.

Why should you choose our Arthroplasty team for Hip Replacement Surgery?

Blue bliss hospital has an experienced team of orthopaedic surgeons headed by Dr Chandrashekar chikkamuniyappa who also runs a joint replacement fellowship for young orthopaedic surgeons at the hospital. He has also been awarded the “Aryabhata international award” in 2010 and many more. With power-packed experienced surgeons, blue bliss hospital also uses the advanced and latest technology. They provide the best facility possible with affordable cost in a city such as Banglore.